Chilka Lake

chilika largest lake of india

It is situated in Odisha State of India, and spans in three districts of Khordha, Puri, and Ganjam. The lake is connected to Bay of Bengal, the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean.

Chilka lake has an approximate area of 4 km3 (3,200,000 acre⋅ft) by volume, Maximum length‎ of ‎64.3 km (40.0 mi) and a depth of maximum 4.2 meter.

Chilika Lake is the largest brackish water lake of India and the second largest brackish water lagoon in the world. It has estuarine character.

It is the largest coastal lagoon in India.

In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

** An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments and maritime environments known as ecotone.

The lagoon hosts over 160 species of birds in the peak migratory season of Novembr to February. The 15 km2 Nalaban Island is within the Lagoon and is the core area of the Ramsar designated wetlands. It was declared a bird sanctuary under the Wildlife Protection Act in 1973.

Birds from as far as the Caspian Sea, Lake Baikal, Aral Sea and other remote parts of Russia, Kirghiz steppes of Kazakhstan, Central and southeast Asia, Ladakh and Himalayas come here.

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